What’s in a name?

The term HyFlex is a simple combination of the words hybrid and flexible. There are quite a few other terms that others have used to describe their own localizations of HyFlex, or “Hybrid-Flexible” course designs. On this page, we identify those we are aware of, but we’re certain that this list is incomplete. Please send us updates with this form: [form opens in new tab].

Some institutions use different terms for variation of their approach, especially associated with different combinations of modes offered.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many institutions were unable to provide classroom instruction, and instead offered flexible options for students completely online. Essentially, this creates an “Online Hybrid-Flexible” approach that isn’t normally considered a true “HyFlex” course design because there is no in-person participation option. But with the changing times, perhaps we should consider expanding the HyFlex term to include these approaches as well.

Note: You may need to scroll to the left and right to view the entire table.

Term  Institution
(first known reference; may be used by many other institutions currently)
In-person Online Synch-ronous Online Asynch-ronous Links and Comments
HyFlex San Francisco State University x x x 2006; (See the “Hyflex Book“)
Not all HyFlex courses offer both synchronous and asynchronous options.
Online HyFlex or Bichronous San Francisco State University   x x 2020; removed the in-person option from HyFlex classes for 1-2 years in response to COVID-19 pandemic
Peirce Fit Peirce College x x x 2014; https://www.peirce.edu/degrees-programs/ways-to-learn/peirce-fit
Flex-VU Campus Vanguard University – Costa Mesa, Ca x   x


See Hyflex Book Chapter 

Flex-VU Virtual Vanguard University – Costa Mesa, Ca   x x 2020; in response to COVID-19 pandemic
HyFlex University of St. Thomas- Minneapolis/St.Paul, MN x x x 2020; limited in-person optionsin response to COVID-19 pandemic
CoFlex University of St. Thomas- Minneapolis/St.Paul, MN x x   No fully asynchronous option, but significant asynchronous content to replace lecture time
Mixed Mode University of St. Thomas- Minneapolis/St.Paul, MN x and/or x and/or x and/or any combination of modes
Hyflex San Diego Christian College – Santee, Ca x   x


See Hyflex Book Chapter 

ShenFlex Shenandoah University x x x 2020; in response to COVID-19 pandemic
See https://www.su.edu/academics/shenflex/
Multi-options Lewis University x x x 2014
Multi-access Learning University of Victoria x x x 2009
FlexLearning Barry University x x   2020; in response to COVID-19 pandemic
FlexLearning Penn State – Lehigh Valley x x x 2012; program discontinued? https://sites.psu.edu/lvflex/flexlearning-information-for-faculty/
Flexibly Accessible Learning Environment (FALE) University of Georgia x x x 2018; http://ldtglobal.coe.uga.edu/fale/ also refers to a “practically negotiated learning environment (PNLE)” 
Converged Learning Southern Cross University x x x 2012
BlendFlex Central Georgia Technical College x x x 2016
Comodal Laval University x x x 2016
Mode-neutral Edge Hill College of Higher Education x x x 2007 – http://modeneutral.com
Flexible Hybrid University of California Irvine x x x 2014


  • Brian Beatty

    Dr. Brian Beatty is Professor of Instructional Design and Technology in the Department of Equity, Leadership Studies and Instructional Technologies at San Francisco State University. At SFSU, Dr. Beatty pioneered the development and evaluation of the HyFlex course design model for blended learning environments, implementing a “student-directed-hybrid” approach to better support student learning.