Bibliography of research publications related to Hybrid-Flexible course designs (by any name, not just HyFlex). Hybrid-Flexible course designs provide instruction in a classroom and in at least one online mode (synchronous or asynchronous) and allow students to choose their mode of participation for each class session.
This bibliography is representative, not exhaustive. Suggest an addition: [form opens in new tab]
Area-Moreira, Bethencourt-Aguilar, A., & Martín-Gómez, S. (2023). HyFlex: Enseñar y aprender de modo híbrido y flexible en la educación superior. [English translation: HyFlex: Hybrid and flexible teaching and learning in higher education] Revista iberoamericana de educación a distancia, 26(1), 141–161. https://doi.org/10.5944/ried.26.1.34023
Keywords: HyFlex in higher education
Bockorny, Giannavola, T. M., Mathew, S., & Walters, H. D. (2023). Effective engagement strategies in HyFlex modality based on intrinsic motivation in students. Active Learning in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/14697874231161364
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, student engagement
Chan, Dou, Y., Jiang, Y., & Li, P. (2022). A 4C Model for Hyflex Classrooms. 2022 IEEE 46th Annual Computers, Software, and Applications Conference (COMPSAC), 145–150. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMPSAC54236.2022.00029
Keywords: HyFlex classroom, technology
Chiang. (2023). Comparing Student Learning and Course Evaluation in Face-to-Face, Online and HyFlex Teaching Modalities Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments, 1(1), 1–. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSMILE.2023.10053580
Keywords: student learning, student satisfaction
Compton, M., Standen, A., & Watson, B. (2023). Not as a temporary fluke but as standard’: realising the affordances of hybrid and online teaching for inclusive and sustainable education. Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education, 26. https://doi.org/10.47408/jldhe.vi26.948
Keywords: hybrid, HyFlex, disability, online education, inclusion, accessibility
Eshet, Dickman, N., & Ben Zion, Y. (2023). Academic integrity in the HyFlex learning environment. Heliyon, 9(2), e13301–. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13301
Keywords: academic integrity, HyFlex teaching, student characteristics
Farrag, Abushammala, M. F., & Kuckian, S. (2023). Transitioning from Pandemic to Endemic Pedagogy: Redesigning Teaching and Learning. SHS Web of Conferences, 156, 5003–. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/202315605003
Keywords: Civil Engineering, Oman, Covid-19, HyFlex
Ho, Yeh, C.-C., Wang, J.-Y., Hu, R.-H., & Lee, P.-H. (2023). Linking the choice of the class format and preclass learning experiences sheds light on a step further in blended medical education. Medical Education Online, 28(1), 2186207–2186207. https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2023.2186207
Keywords: online, HyFlex, synchronous, blended learning, class format preference
Kim, S. (2023). Understanding How Students Interact with a Flipped HyFlex Course in Computer Science. UC San Diego. ProQuest ID: Kim_ucsd_0033M_22182. Merritt ID: ark:/13030/m53v74sj. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/4p30m1z9
Keywords: dissertation, HyFlex teaching, flipped classroom, student experience, teaching guidance
Mentzer, N.J., Isabell, T.M. & Mohandas, L. (2023). The impact of interactive synchronous HyFlex model on student academic performance in a large active learning introductory college design course. J Comput High Educ. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-023-09369-y
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, student learning, evaluation, flipped course, active learning
Wongsonadi, Sasmita, K., Hikmah, Hadiyanti, P., & Hutama, N. (2023). Pengembangan Kapasitas Produksi Merchandise Desa Wisata Edukasi Rawagede Berbasis Pembelajaran Hyflex. [English translation: Development of Rawagede Educational Tourism Village Merchandise Production Capacity Development Based on Hyflex Learning] Sarwahita, 19, 595–602. https://doi.org/10.21009/sarwahita.19k.8
Keywords: HyFlex, Cinderamata, human capital, social capital
Adams. (2022). Hyflex: A Leaderships’ Perspective of Self-Efficacy Post-Pandemic. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
Keywords: dissertation, faculty experience, self-efficacy, hybrid-flexible, non-traditional learner, tribal college, distance education
Armstrong. (2022). Gaps in Professional Development and Knowledge of Teaching HyFlex Courses in Higher Education. In ProQuest LLC. ProQuest LLC.
Keywords: dissertation, faculty development, faculty experience
Baillifard, Carbonel, H., & Jullien, J.-M. (2022). Enseignement bimodal simultané : réalités et perceptions des étudiants et des enseignants. [English translation: Simultaneous Bimodal Instruction: Realities and Perceptions of Students and Teachers.] Distances et Médiations Des Savoirs, 38(38). https://doi.org/10.4000/dms.7877
Keywords: simultaneous bimodal, HyFlex, student experience, teaching practice, learning spaces
Bărbuceanu, C. D. (2022). HyFlex- Rethinking Courses in On-line Teaching. Revista de Stiinte Politice, 73, 241–247.
Keywords: HyFlex, language learning, COVID-19 pandemic
Barclay, A., Ceccolini, K., Clarke, K., Domonchuk, N., Shapiro, S., Singh, J., Young, M., Hayman, J., Beer, J., & Arseneau, C. (2022). HyFlex Course Design and Teaching Strategies. eCampus Ontario Open Library. Available online: https://ecampusontario.pressbooks.pub/hyflexcoursedesignandteachingstrategies
Keywords: HyFlex Design, teaching strategies, student experience, faculty experience, evaluation
Boylan, F., Gorham, G., Gorman, C., Harvey, J., Lynch, L., Minto, N. & Mottiar. Z. (2022). Trialling HyFlex at TU Dublin – stakeholders’ voices and experiences. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.21427/2jxh-v565
Keywords: HyFlex pilot, faculty experience, student experience
Buatois, E. M., Akunna, A. A., Bailey, T., Coomer, T. N., Putnam, W. C., Hall, R. G., 2nd, Pass, S. E., & MacLaughlin, E. J. (2022). Using the HyFlex model to deliver a capstone seminar course. Currents in pharmacy teaching & learning, 14(9), 1109–1115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2022.07.037
Keywords: Capstone; Engagement; Grand rounds; HyFlex; Hybrid
Burdick, M. N. & Hallman, H. L. (2022). Chapter 6. Shifts in Form, Content, and Communication: The Rise of Online, Hybrid, and HyFlex Learning. In At the crossroads of pedagogical change in higher education: Exploring the work of faculty developers. (pp. 71-84). Routledge.
Keywords: instructional design, faculty development, HyFlex learning and teaching
Çetinkaya, A., & Kırık, A. M. (2022). Distance Education in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Opportunities and Threats. In Handbook of Research on Digital Citizenship and Management During Crises (pp. 17-33). IGI Global.
Keywords: pandemic, distance learning, hyflex learning
Chen, L. (2022). Designing Online Discussion for HyFlex Learning. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 8(1), 191–198. https://doi.org/10.12973/ijem.8.1.191
Keywords: Digital learning tools, HyFlex learning, interface design, online discussion.
Clifft, & Assiouras, I. (2022). The transformation of post pandemic hybrid teaching and learning through experiences of remote digital learning in French business schools. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, October 21, 2022, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2022.2132982
Keywords: Hybrid teaching, blended teaching, HyFlex classroom, marketing education, French business schools, COVID-19 pandemic
Davie. (2022). Evaluation of the HyFlex, Hybrid, and Asynchronous Online Teaching Modalities on Student Learning in Graduate Microbiology Coursework. The FASEB Journal, 36(S1). https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.2022.36.S1.R6050
Keywords: student learning outcomes, STEM education
Daud Mahande, & Abdal, N. M. (2022). A HyFlex learning measurement model based on students’ cognitive learning styles to create equitable learning. World Journal on Educational Technology, 14(5), 1485–1497. https://doi.org/10.18844/wjet.v14i5.7777
Keywords: HyFlex evaluation, student learning, learning equity
Davie. (2022). Evaluation of the HyFlex, Hybrid, and Asynchronous Online Teaching Modalities on Student Learning in Graduate Microbiology Coursework. The FASEB Journal, 36(S1). https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.2022.36.S1.R6050
Keywords: HyFlex course, student learning, microbiology, science
Detyna, Sanchez-Pizani, R., Giampietro, V., Dommett, E. J., & Dyer, K. (2022). Hybrid flexible (HyFlex) teaching and learning: climbing the mountain of implementation challenges for synchronous online and face-to-face seminars during a pandemic. Learning Environments Research, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-022-09408-y
Keywords: Dual mode, innovation, learning space, HyFlex teaching, classroom technology, implementation, pandemic
Donham, Pohan, C., Menke, E., & Kranzfelder, P. (2022). Increasing Student Engagement through Course Attributes, Community, and Classroom Technology: Lessons from the Pandemic. Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1128/jmbe.00268-21
Keywords: HyFlex, student engagement, microbiology, science
Douaihy. (2022). High Expectations for Hybrid Education: How to Enrich HyFlex Modalities for Student Engagement and Success. System Contractor News, 29(2), 32.
Keywords: HyFlex expectation, student engagement
Eduljee, Chakravarty, R., Croteau, K., & Murphy, L. (2022). Understanding Research Trends in HyFlex (hybrid flexible) Instruction Model: A Scientometric Approach. International Journal of Instruction, 15(4), 935–954. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2022.15450a
Keywords: HyFlex research
Eyal, L., & Gil, E. (2022). Hybrid Learning Spaces — A Three-Fold Evolving Perspective. In: Gil E., Mor Y., Dimitriadis Y., Köppe C. (eds) Hybrid Learning Spaces. Understanding Teaching-Learning Practice. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-88520-5_2
Keywords: Hybrid learning spaces, Hybrid learning, Blended learning
Flores Reyes, M.R. (2022) Flexible learning environments: Minoritized college students’ experiences in HyFlex (Doctoral Dissertation). https://doi.org/10.46569/20.500.12680/dv140116w. [Also available – free – at https://scholarworks.calstate.edu/downloads/c534fv91f]
Keywords: HyFlex student experience, equity in HyFlex, minoritized students
Frias. (2022). Getting Ready to Hyflex: An Assessment of the DLSU Law Students’ Use of Online Library Resources and Resources. University Library at a New Stage of Social Communications Development. Conference Proceedings, 7, 36–56. https://doi.org/10.15802/unilib/2022_270402
Keywords: student support
Fudeuchi, M. Cutting, M., Hata, K., Tsutsui, K., Hirai, T. (2022). Creating a Multicultural Collaborative Learning Experience Through Hybrid (HyFlex) Classes: The Case of a Freshman Course at Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University. Journal of the Japan Association for Developmental Education, 2022.03.11.01–. https://doi.org/10.18950/jade.2022.03.11.01
Keywords: global education, freshman education, intercultural communication, teaching assistants, online class, HyFlex class
Gascoigne. (2022). Reemerging Spaces: Examining Classroom Climates in the HyFlex Realm. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 25(1).
Keywords: HyFex classrooms, technology
Guidry. (2022). Hyflex Courses: A “Flex” or a Flop? Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 27.
Keywords: HyFlex design, student learning, student satisfaction
Haksgaard. (2022). Student response systems in the family law classroom. Family Court Review, 60(4), 722–735. https://doi.org/10.1111/fcre.12672
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, student engagement, student response systems, law education, formative assessment
Howell. (2022). HyFlex model of higher education: understanding the promise of flexibility. On the Horizon, 30(4), 173–181. https://doi.org/10.1108/OTH-04-2022-0019
Keywords: literature review, access, equity
Huh, & Lee, G. (2022). A Study of Undergraduate Student’s Perception of Learning Process and Outcomes in Hyflex Learning. The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 21, 13(2), 2157–2170. https://doi.org/10.22143/HSS18.104.22.168
Keywords: HyFlex learning, learning engagement, collaborative learning process, perceived learning outcomes, higher education, HyFlex class, immersion, cooperation process
Jacka, L. & Lindsay, J. (2022). Flexible Learning and the Virtual Campus. In S. Wilson, N. Arthars, D. Wardak, P. Yeoman, E. Kalman, & D.Y.T. Liu (Eds.), Reconnecting relationships through technology. Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Innovation, Practice and Research in the Use of Educational Technologies in Tertiary Education, ASCILITE 2022 in Sydney: e22154. https://doi.org/10.14742/apubs.2022.154
Keywords: HyFlex, student experience
Karam, K., S., & Kermani, M. M. (2022). Work-in-Progress: HyFlex Hands-On Hardware Security Education During COVID-19. 2022 IEEE World Engineering Education Conference (EDUNINE), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUNINE53672.2022.9782346
Keywords: HyFlex, hardware security education, computer engineering, hardware laboratory
Klaiber. (2022). Hybrid in a HyFlex Room: Leveraging Technology to Increase Developmental English Success. Research & Teaching in Developmental Education, 4–7.
Keywords: HyFlex classroom, technology, student learning
Korson. (2022). A place-based approach to blended learning. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, Sep 8, 2022, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098265.2022.2122032
Keywords: HyFlex learning, experiential learning, sense of belonging, blended learning
Lavigne, J. E., Groman, A., & Price, M. (2022). Teaching Implicit Bias and Its Management in the Pain Care of Sickle Cell Anemia Patients in a Hyflex Pre-Professional Classroom During COVID-19. Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.), 23(3), 435–439. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnab340
Keywords: Medical education, HyFlex teaching, implicit bias
Lee, & Han, S. (2022). Analyzing Higher Education Instructor’s Perception and Future Directions on Hyflex Learning. The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 21, 13(2), 2589–2604. https://doi.org/10.22143/HSS22.214.171.124
Keywords: HyFlex courses, instructional design, instructor perception, higher education, improving instruction, course design
Magana, A. J., Karabiyik, T., Thomas, P., Jaiswal, A., Perera, V., and Dworkin, J. (2022). Teamwork facilitation and conflict resolution training in a HyFlex course during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Research Journal for Engineering Education. January 21, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20450 Available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/jee.20450
Keywords: HyFlex, team-based learning, group projects, pandemic, engineering education, active learning, cooperative learning, course design
Ma’rifah, & Mawardi, M. (2022). Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Menggunakan Hyflex Learning Berbantuan Wordwall. [English translation: Improving Students’ Critical Thinking Skills Using Hyflex Learning Assisted by Wordwall] Scholaria, 12(3), 225–235. https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2022.v12.i3.p225-235
Keywords: HyFlex learning, critical thinking skills
Mentzer, Krishna, B., Kotangale, A., & Mohandas, L. (2022). HyFlex environment: addressing students’ basic psychological needs. Learning Environments Research, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-022-09431-z
Keywords: synchronous HyFlex, psychological needs, self-determination theory
Mills. (2022). Understanding Student Engagement and Experiences in a HyFlex Laboratory Course. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
Keywords: dissertation, HyFlex laboratory experience, nutritional science
Mitchell, Zheng, J., Mork, A. L., Roth Bayer, C., & Elks, M. L. (2022). Reevaluating Learner-Mentor Connections in HyFlex Medical Student Learning Communities. Academic Medicine, 97(11S), S136–S136. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000004856
Keywords: mentoring, HyFlex learning
Miyazoe. (2022). Towards HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Implementation: The Optimal Synchronous and Asynchronous Ratio Under the Pandemic. In Blended Learning: Engaging Students in the New Normal Era (2022) (pp. 229–241). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08939-8_20
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, student experience, blended learning, instructional design, formative research, emergency teaching
Mobo, Garcia, A. L. R., & Talosig, J. C. (2022). Challenges in Hyflex Learning in Zambales, Philippines. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 3(10), 2150–2153. https://doi.org/10.11594/ijmaber.03.10.27
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, challenges
Mushtaha, E., Abu Dabous, S., Alsyouf, I., Ahmed, A., & Abdraboh, N. R. (2022). The challenges and opportunities of online learning and teaching at engineering and theoretical colleges during the pandemic. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 13(6), 101770–. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2022.101770
Keywords: Pandemic, student satisfaction, mental health, hybrid learning, HyFlex
Nasongkhla, & Sujiva, S. (2022). A HyFlex-Flipped Class in Action Learning: A Connectivist MOOC for Creative Problem-Solving. Contemporary Educational Technology, 14(4), ep392–. https://doi.org/10.30935/cedtech/12554
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, flipped classroom
Ndlovu, & Merisi, P. O. (2022). Hyflex Teaching and Learning: An Alternative Modality for Meaningful Engagement and Epistemological Access in South African Higher Education. E-Journal of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, 3(6), 199–212. https://doi.org/10.38159/ehass.2022361
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, student learning, engagement
Nelson, Berg, E. A., Wood, N., & Hill, B. (2022). Student Engagement in HyFlex Courses During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of College Student Development, 63(1), 101–105. https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2022.0001
Keywords: student engagement, COVID-19 pandemic
Nweke, Bokolo, A. J., Mba, G., & Nwigwe, E. (2022). Investigating the effectiveness of a HyFlex cyber security training in a developing country: A case study. Education and Information Technologies, 27(7), 10107–10133. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-022-11038-z
Keywords: HyFlex training, student learning
Othman. (2022). Explorer les formations comodales en langues. ALSIC : apprentissage des langues et systèmes d’information et de communication. Flight 24, No. 2, 2021. https://doi.org/10.4000/alsic.5824 Available online at https://journals.openedition.org/alsic/5824
Keywords: Comodal, language instruction
Padilla Rodriguez. (2022). The Rise and Fall of the HyFlex Approach in Mexico. TechTrends, 66(6), 911–913. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-022-00780-3
Keywords: institutional preparation, HyFlex implementation
Panta. (2022). Challenges, Successes and Lessons Learned in Implementing Hyflex Course Module during the COVID-19 Pandemic Era. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 94(1). https://doi.org/10.55632/pwvas.v94i1.887
Keywords: HyFlex teaching and learning, COVID-19
Pellitteri, M. (2023). Using online and hyflex methods to teach media practice in China in 2020 and 2021. In Friesem (ed.) The Routledge handbook of media education futures post-pandemic. (pp. 267-276). Routledge.
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, online learning, media education.
Peredrienko T. Y., Balandina E. S., Chernysheva A. M. (2022). Students’ Self-Realisation in the Hybrid Teaching Environment. Pedagogy: Theory & Practice 7(4), pp 377-383. https://doi.org/10.30853/ped20220072
Keywords: Hybrid, HyFlex, Self-realization, pandemic
Porter-Szucs, & DeCicco, B. (2022). TriHy: teaching an MA TESOL class face-to-face, synchronously online, and asynchronously online. SN Social Sciences, 2(8), 143–143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43545-022-00434-4
Keywords: HyFlex, learning outcomes, mixed modalities, online language teacher education, TESOL
Radwan. (2022). The post-pandemic future of higher education. Dean & Provost, 23(6), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1002/dap.30987
Keywords: Resilience, post-pandemic, student-centered
Raes, A. (2022). Exploring Student and Teacher Experiences in Hybrid Learning Environments: Does Presence Matter?. Postdigit Sci Educ 4, 138–159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-021-00274-0
Keywords: Hybrid learning environments, Engagement, Learning space, Teaching space, User experience
Ranga. (2022). Investigating the Impact of Course Content Usage on Student Learning in Upper-Level Chemistry Courses. Journal of Chemical Education, 99(4), 1563–1570. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.1c00621
Keywords: HyFlex, chemistry course, lecture capture, COVID-19 pandemic
Reed, & Allen, J. A. (2022). Suddenly hybrid : managing the modern meeting. Wiley.
Keywords: hybrid meeting
Rodríguez-Luengo, Goset-Poblete, J., Pérez-Cárdenas, N., Niklander-Ebensperger, S., & Luengo-Mai, D. (2022). Percepción de Docentes y Alumnos sobre la Experiencia en el Uso del Modelo Hyflex en Anatomía. [English translation: Perception of Teachers and Students on the Experience in the Use of the Hyflex Model in Anatomy.] International Journal of Morphology, 40(5), 1253–1260. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022022000501253
Keywords: HyFlex learning, student experience
Rosen. (2022). Technology for Simultaneous Blended or Flex (HyFlex or BlendFlex) Instruction. Adult Literacy Education: The International Journal of Literacy, Language, and Numeracy, 4(2), 76–80. https://doi.org/10.35847/DRosen.4.2.76
Keywords: HyFlex implementation, technology
Rosen, David J. , Simpson, D., & Vanek, J. (2022). Guide for Design and Implementation of Hybrid–Flexible (HyFlex) Models in Adult Education. EdTech Books. https://edtechbooks.org/hyflex_guide
Keywords: Adult Education, HyFlex, Educational Technology, Online Learning, Teaching and Learning
Sanchez-Piziani, R., Detyna, M., Dance, S., and Gomez-Agustina, L. (2022). Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) seminar delivery – A technical overview of the implementation. Building and Environment v.216. Available online 25 March 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2022.109001
Keywords: HyFlex Technology, Audio, Teaching Environment
Schlemmer, & Moreira, J. A. M. (2022). Do ensino remoto emergencial ao HyFlex: um possível caminho para a Educação OnLIFE? [English translation: From emergency remote teaching to HyFlex: a possible path to OnLIFE Education?] Revista Da FAEEBA, 31(65), 138–155. https://doi.org/10.21879/faeeba2358-0194.2022.v31.n65.p138-155
Keywords: HyFlex implementation
Shek, Zhu, X., Li, X., & Dou, D. (2022). Satisfaction with HyFlex Teaching and Law-abiding Leadership Education in Hong Kong University Students Under COVID-19. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-022-10040-4
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, Course evaluation, Leadership education, National security
Shinas, Ly, C. N., & Yilmaz Ozden, S. (2022). Cases on practical applications for remote, hybrid, and hyflex teaching. IGI Global.
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, case reports, student engagement
Simpson, D., Vanek, J., & Rosen, D. (2022). Guide for Design and Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) Models in Adult Education. EdtechBooks.org Available online: https://edtechbooks.org/hyflex_guide
Keywords: online learning, HyFlex, adult education, teaching and learning
Stepp. (2022). Videos to Scaffold and Increase Student Engagement in a Hyflex Mathematics Secondary Classroom. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
Keywords: dissertation, technology, student engagement, HyFlex mathematics
Thomson, R., Fisher, J., & Steinert, Y. (2022) Twelve tips for small group teaching 2.0 – Rebooted for remote and HyFlex learning, Medical Teacher, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2022.2040735
Keywords: Remote learning, HyFlex learning, small group teaching, facilitation, technology-enhanced learning, online learning
Vujnovic, & Foster, J. E. (2022). Online Instruction and the “Hyflex Teaching ‘Shock Doctrine.’” In Higher Education and Disaster Capitalism in the Age of COVID-19. Springer International Publishing AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-12370-2_7
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, transformation of American higher education, Blendflex modalities, educational technology products in higher education
Wong. S. S. (2022). P114 HyFlex Teaching Process Evaluation During COVID Pandemic for a Baccalaureate Core Course About Issues in Nutrition & Health. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 54(7), S72–. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2022.04.155
Keywords: HyFlex teaching
Zascerinska, Aleksejeva, A., Zascerinskis, M., Gukovica, O., Aleksejeva, L., & Abjalkiene, I. (2022). Mixed class teaching as an emerging trend accelerated by COVID-19. Education. Innovation. Diversity, 2(3), 53–65. https://doi.org/10.17770/eid2021.2.6720
Keywords: educational choice, HyFlex, mixed class, teaching sub-phases
Bowers, Chen, Y.-L., Clifton, Y., Gamez, M., Giffin, H. H., Johnson, M. S., Lohman, L., & Pastryk, L. (2021). Reflective Design in Action: A Collaborative Autoethnography of Faculty Learning Design. TechTrends, 66(1), 17–28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-021-00679-5
Keywords: HyFlex, Multi-access, Collaborative autoethnography, Course design, Design practice, Emotion, Iterative design, Faculty design, Learning design, Reflective practice
Bregnhøj, and Mathiasen, H. (2021). Hvad kan HyFlex-organiseret undervisning?: de studerendes tilgang. [What can HyFlex-organized teaching do? – the students approach] Læring Og Medier, 14(24). https://doi.org/10.7146/lom.v14i24.125533
Keywords: Hyflex-organiseret undervisning, kommunikation, undervisningsmiljøer, de studerendes stemme [Hyflex-organized teaching, communication, teaching environments, the voice of students]
Calafiore, and Giudici, E. (2021). HYBRID VERSUS HYFLEX INSTRUCTION IN AN INTRODUCTORY FINANCE COURSE. International Journal of Education Research, 16(1), 40–51.
Keywords: HyFlex, Student learning, non-traditional students
Carter, M. M. (2021). Study of a HyFlex mathematics course at Delaware technical community college (Order No. 28494877). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection. (2572623202).
Keywords: HyFlex, Mathematics Instruction
Chicca J. (2021). Designing Courses Using the HyFlex Model. Nurse educator, 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000991. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000991
Keywords: COVID-19, instructional strategies, nursing
Colfer, Johri, N., and Wagner, S. L. (2021). A Case Study of MHA Faculty and Student Experiences in Adapting Learning Modality Options to Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The Journal of Health Administration Education, 38(1), 441–466. Available online: https://www.proquest.com/docview/2535628931/fulltextPDF/6EE862050AE14940PQ/1
Keywords: HyFlex, pandemic
Furse, C. and Ziegenfuss, D. (2021). Chapter 11. HyFlex Flipping: Combining in-person and on-line teaching for the flexible generation. In K. T Selvan and K. F. Warnick (Eds.)Teaching Electromagnetics: Innovative approaches and pedagogcial strategies (1st ed). CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. pp. 201-218. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003149231
Keywords: HyFlex, Flipped
Gatlin, A. R., Kuhn, W., Boyd, D., Doukopoulos, L., and McCall, C. P. (2021). Successful at scale: 500 faculty, 39 classrooms, 6 years: A case study. Journal of Learning Spaces, 10(1), 51-62.
words: HyFlex, Scale, Learning Spaces, Classrooms
Hadder, K., Pack, A., and Williams, L. (2021). Online learning in a time of crisis: A look at student and faculty perceptions of university responses to covid-19 and how it has impacted student and faculty satisfaction (Order No. 28415459). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection. (2515700454).
Keywords: HyFlex, Pandemic response, student experience, faculty experience
Hawley. (2021). Supporting hyflex acoustics laboratory exercises. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 149(4), A45–A45. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0004472
Keywords: HyFlex laboratory, physics, acoustics
Heilporn, G., and Lakhal, S. (2021). Converting a graduate-level course into a HyFlex modality: What are effective engagement strategies? The International Journal of Management Education, 19(1), 100454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2021.100454
Keywords: Higher education, Online and blended learning, HyFlex, Student engagement, Instructional strategies
Heilporn, G., Lakhal, S., and Bélisle, M. (2021). An examination of teachers’ strategies to foster student engagement in blended learning in higher education. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 18(1), 25–25. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-021-00260-3
Keywords: Blended learning, course design, student engagement
Irvine, V. (2020). The Landscape of Merging Modalities. EDUCAUSE Review, 55(4). https://er.educause.edu/articles/2020/10/the-landscape-of-merging-modalities.
Keywords: Blended Learning, Learning Environments, Online Learning
Johnson, D., Cahill, M., Choate, S., Roelfs, D., & Walsh, S. E. (2021). The Influence of Public Health Faculty on College and University Plans During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Public Health, 9, 745232–745232. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.745232
Keywords: COVID-19, instructional modality, public health, faculty expertise, university decision-making
Jongmuanwai, B., Simmatun, P., Teemueangsa, S., and Jedaman, P. (2021). Factors and Needs Assessment of Hyflex Learning with Science Activity Base For Strengthen Critical Thinking. Journal of Physics. Conference Series, 1835(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1835/1/012095
Keywords: Science, HyFlex, needs assessment
Jongmuanwai, B., Simmatun, P., Teemueangsa, S., and Jedaman, P. (2021). Models of Hyflex Learning a Having Activities Base Via Constructionism for Enhancing as Critical Thinking of Undergraduate Students’. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(6), pp. 393 – 403. Retrieved from https://www.annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/5302
Keywords: HyFlex, Science, Constructionism, Critical Thinking, Factors Model
Keiper, White, A., Carlson, C. D., and Lupinek, J. M. (2021). Student perceptions on the benefits of Flipgrid in a HyFlex learning environment. Journal of Education for Business, 96(6), 343–351. https://doi.org/10.1080/08832323.2020.1832431
Keywords: HyFlex; learning technology; student perceptions
Keshishi. (2021). Playful reflective thinking in a HyFlex classroom: using nostalgic games to engage students. Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education, 22. https://doi.org/10.47408/jldhe.vi22.691
Keywords: Hyflex classroom, nostalgia, playful learning, reflective thinking, social constructivism, Covid-19
Kohnke L. and Moorhouse, B. L. (2021) Adopting HyFlex in higher education in response to COVID-19: students’ perspectives, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, DOI: 10.1080/02680513.2021.1906641
Keywords: HyFlex, COVID-19, online learning, Zoom, higher education
Larsen, K., Robinson, C., Melnyk, J. A., Nicoletti, J., Gagnon, A., McLaughlin, K., and Hussaini, M. (2021). Finding our voice: Highly flexible ED for the hyflex world. To Improve the Academy: A Journal of Educational Development, 40(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.3998/tia.467
Keywords: teaching with technology, online teaching and learning, pivot pedagogy, HyFlex
Lavigne, Groman, A., and Price, M. (2021). Teaching Implicit Bias and Its Management in the Pain Care of Sickle Cell Anemia Patients in a Hyflex Pre-Professional Classroom During COVID-19. Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.). https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnab340
Keywords: HyFlex, student learning
Lohmann, M. J., Randolph, K. M., and Oh, J. H. (2021). Classroom Management Strategies for Hyflex Instruction: Setting Students Up for Success in the Hybrid Environment. Early Childhood Education Journal, DOI: 10.1007/s10643-021-01201-5
Keywords: Classroom management, Hyflex, Online learning, K12
MacIntyre, C. R., Costantino, V., Bian L., and Bethel, C. (2021) Effectiveness of facemasks for opening a university campus in Mississippi, United States – a modelling study, Journal of American College Health, DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2020.1866579
Keywords: campus, college, COVID-19, facemask, students
Miller, A. N., Sellnow, D. D., and Strawser, M. G. (2021). Pandemic pedagogy challenges and opportunities: instruction communication in remote, HyFlex, and BlendFlex courses. Communication Education, 70(2), 202–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/03634523.2020.1857418
Motoyama, Kadota, Y., Shigetoshi, K., Sugimoto, Y., and Ashihara, T. (2021). [Japanese language] University-wide Introduction of HyFlex Classes at Shiga University of Medical Science. Journal for Academic Computing and Networking, 25(1), 39–45. https://doi.org/10.24669/jacn.25.1_39
Keywords: HyFlex, COVID-19 pandemic
Pastore, Kyosev, Y., Fassihi, A.-A., and Flax, B. (2021). Textile education during the 2020 pandemic: experiences in US, South Africa and Germany. Communications in Development and Assembling of Textile Products, 2(1), 18–33. https://doi.org/10.25367/cdatp.2021.2. p18-33
Keywords: covid, online education, textile education
Plews, Sweet, M., Sudbury, L., Malan, W., Waterbury, C., Savage, J., Provensal, E., Rose-Sinclair, K., and Chavez, M. (2021). From emergency remote teaching to hybrid NUflex: a collaborative approach to developing faculty into learning designers. Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education, 22. https://doi.org/10.47408/jldhe.vi22.743
Keywords: HyFlex, faculty development, resilient teaching, Covid-19
Raman, R., Sullivan, N., Zolbanin, H., Nittala, L., Hvalshagen, M., and Allen, R. (2021). Practical Tips for HyFlex Undergraduate Teaching During a Pandemic. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 48, pp. 218-225. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.04828
Keywords: HyFlex Teaching, Undergraduate Teaching, COVID-19, Practical Teaching Tips, Group Work, Actionable Tips
Rider, J. and Moore, A. (2021). Scaling HyFlex for the Post-Pandemic Campus. EDUCAUSE Review – Teaching and Learning (August 13, 2021). Available online: https://er.educause.edu/articles/2021/8/scaling-hyflex-for-the-post-pandemic-campus
Keywords: strategic planning, post-pandemic, scaling, implementation
Romero-Hall, & Ripine, C. (2021). Hybrid Flexible Instruction: Exploring Faculty Preparedness. Online Learning (Newburyport, Mass.), 25(3), 289–312. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v25i3.2426
Keywords: Faculty; Faculty Preparedness; Online Teaching; HyFlex Instruction
Rosen, D. J. (2021). BlendFlex and HyFlex models to increase student engagement and retention. Adult Literacy Education, 3(2), 73-78.
Keywords: HyFlex, engagement, retention, BlendFlex
Rosillo, N., and Montes, N. (2021). Escape room dual mode approach to teach maths during the COVID-19 era. Mathematics, 9(20), 2602. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/math9202602
Keywords: HyFlex, Pandemic response, student experience
Selvan, & Warnick, K. F. (2021). Chapter 11. HyFlex Flipping: Combining In-Person and On-Line Teaching for the Flexible Generation. In Teaching Electromagnetics. (pp. 201-218) Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: HyFlex teaching, science course, flipped classroom, backwards design
Shashidhar, A. (2021). HyFlex: The Future of Workspaces. Business World (India).
Keywords: HyFlex, workplace
Verrecchia, and McGlinchey, M. J. (2021). Teaching During Covid: The Effectiveness of the HyFlex Classroom in a 300 Level Statistics Class. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 9(3), 23–27. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v9i3.5146
Keywords: HyFlex classroom; face-to-face classroom; independent samples t-tests
Wigal, C. M. (2021). Teaching the design process in a HyFlex environment. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, 21(10), 226-235.
Keywords: HyFlex, instructional design, design education, team-based projects
Zehler, Cole, B., and Arter, S. (2021). Hyflex Simulation: A Case Study of a Creative Approach to Unprecedented Circumstances. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 60, 64–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2021.06.012
Keywords: HyFlex, nursing education, remote learning, distance learning, simulation, observer, participation, undergraduate nursing
BohatyretsV. (2020). Benefits of HyFlex learning in creating a positive students’ experience. Mediaforum, 8, 165-172. Retrieved from https://journals.chnu.edu.ua/index.php/mediaforum/article/view/174
Keywords: HyFlex teaching/learning, students, Covid-19, flexibility, adaptability, positive experience, hybrid online course
Colasante, M., Bevacqua, J. & Muir, S. (2020). Flexible hybrid format in university curricula to offer students in-subject choice of study mode: An educational design research project. Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 17(3). https://ro.uow.edu.au/jutlp/vol17/iss3/9
Keywords: higher education, flexible hybrid curriculum, personalisation
Ensmann, S.Y., Gomez-Vasquez, L., Sturgill, R., and Whiteside, A. L. (2020). A Pandemic Case Journal of One Higher Education Institution. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 21(3), 19–22. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1289266
Keywords: Pandemics, COVID-19, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Online Courses, Blended Learning, Higher Education, College Students, College Faculty, Teacher Role
Keiper, M. C., White, A., Carlson, C. D. and Lupinek, J. M. (2020) Student perceptions on the benefits of Flipgrid in a HyFlex learning environment, Journal of Education for Business, DOI: 10.1080/08832323.2020.1832431
Keywords: Hybrid flexible methodology, HyFlex, learning technology, online learning, student perceptions
Kim, J., & Maloney, E.J. (2020). Scenario 13. HyFlex, in The Low-Density University: 15 Scenarios for Higher Education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press., doi:10.1353/book.77218. Available online (open access) at https://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/2675997
Keywords: HyFlex, Future-thinking
Lakhal, S., Mukamurera, J., Bédard, ME. et al. Features fostering academic and social integration in blended synchronous courses in graduate programs. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 17, 5 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-020-0180-z
Keywords: Blended synchronous courses, Blended synchronous learning, Academic integration, Social integration, Higher education
* Magna Publications. (2020). Strategies that work in Traditional and HyFlex classrooms (many strategies to choose from, many authors). The Journal of Faculty Development; Madison, 34(3), pp. 58-98.
Naffi, N. (2020). The Hyber-Flexible Course Design Model (HyFlex): A Pedagogical Strategy for Uncertain Times. International Journal of Technologies in Higher Education, 17 (2), p. 136-143. https://doi.org/10.18162/ritpu-2020-v17n2-14
Keywords: COVID-19, Hybrid-Flexible course design model (HyFlex), higher education, instructional design, digital transformation, online teaching, formation comodale, pedagogical transformation, innovative pedagogical approach, equity
Raes, A., Detienne, L., Windey, I., & Depaepe, F. (2020). A systematic literature review on synchronous hybrid learning: Gaps identified. Learning Environments Research, 23(3), 269-290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10984-019-09303-z
Keywords: Hyflex, Here or There Instruction, research gaps, blended synchronous
Rhoads, D. D. (2020). Traditional, Online or Both? A Comparative Study of University Student Learning and Satisfaction Between Traditional and Hyflex Delivery Modalities. Dissertation Concordia University Irvine, 2020, 148; 27995688. https://www.proquest.com/docview/2410811261/DA7CDFEFEF7341ECPQ/14
Zemeckis, D. R. (2021). Offering a Hyflex Fisheries Science Course for Stakeholders of New Jersey’s Fisheries. Journal of Extension, 58(1), Article 10. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol58/iss1/10
Keywords: fisheries management, fisheries science, Hyflex, webinar
The bibliography entries below (most 2019 and earlier) are reused from Appendix A. of the HyFlex book (published under a CC-BY license).
Reference: Beatty, B. J. (2019). Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms). In B. J. Beatty (Ed.), Hybrid-Flexible Course Design. EdTech Books. https://edtechbooks.org/hyflex/biblio
Abdelmalak, M. (March, 2013). HyFlex course design: A case study of an educational technology course. Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education (SITE) International Conference, New Orleans, LA USA. https://www.slideshare.net/mariamabdelmalak58/hy-flex
Abdelmalak, M. (2014). Towards Flexible Learning for Adult Students: HyFlex Design. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2014–Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 706-712). Jacksonville, Florida, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 4, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-VxGa.
Abdelmalak, M., Parra, J. (2016, October) Expanding Learning Opportunities for Graduate Students with
HyFlex Course Design. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design 6(4). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305347642_Expanding_Learning_Opportunities_for_Graduate_Students_with_HyFlex_Course_Design
Abdelmalak, M. M., & Parra, J. L. (2018). Case Study of HyFlex Course Design: Benefits and Challenges for Graduate Students. In R. Sharma (Ed.), Innovative Applications of Online Pedagogy and Course Design (pp. 298-317). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-5466-0.ch015
Alexander, M.M., Lynch, J.E., Rabinovich, T., & Knutel, P.G. (2014). Snapshot of a hybrid learning environment. The Quarterly Review of Distance Learning, 15(1), 9-21.
Keywords: educational environment, blended learning, h igher education, online courses, web based instruction, deliery systems, student satisfaction, academic persistence, asynchronous communication, synchronous communication, educational technology, chalkboards, student surveys, feedback (response)
Allan, Campbell, C., & Crough, J. (2019). Blended Learning Designs in STEM Higher Education Putting Learning First (Allan, C. Campbell, & J. Crough, Eds.; 1st ed. 2019.). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-6982-7
Keywords: HyFlex, blended learning, STEM
Beatty, B. (2006, October) Designing the HyFlex World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All Students. Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communication and Technology International Conference, Dallas, TX.
Beatty, B. (2007). Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. In C. Montgomerie & J. Seale (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2007–World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 2701-2706). Vancouver, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 5, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-ohe.
Beatty, B. (2007, October). Hybrid Classes with Flexible Participation Options – If you build it, how will they come? Proceedings of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology International Conference, Anaheim, CA.
Beatty, B. (2007, November). Blended Learning for Students with Choice: The HyFlex Course and Design Process. Peer-reviewed paper presented at the Thirteenth Sloan-C International Conference on Online Learning, Orlando, FL.
Beatty, B. (2008). HyFlex Delivery for US Army Counter Insurgency (COIN) Training Applications. In Lickteig, C. W., Bailenson, J., Beatty, B., Dunleavy, M., Graham, C. R., Kozlowski S.W., & Mayer, R. E. Innovative Training Methods for the Contemporary Operating Environment: Contributions from the Consortium Research Fellows Program (ARI Special Report). Arlington, VA: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Beatty, B. (2008). Sloan Consortium Effective Practice Award: Using the “HyFlex” Course and Design Process. Retrieved 04/04/2016 from https://edtechbooks.org/-Zvd
Beatty, B. (2009, October). Student Self-reflections on Learning in a Hybrid Course Environment: Do Participation Mode Differences Lead to Differences in Reflections? Peer-reviewed paper presented at the Association for Educational Communication and Technology International Conference, Louisville KY.
Beatty, B. (2011, November). HyFlex Course Design: A Summary Report on Five Years of Implementation. Peer-reviewed paper presented at the Association for Educational Communication and Technology International Conference, Jacksonville, FL.
Beatty, B. (2012, April). HyFlex Course Design: The Advantages of Letting Students Choose the Blend. Peer-reviewed paper presented at Sloan-C Blended Learning Conference, Milwaukee, WI.
Beatty, B. J. (2014). Hybrid courses with flexible participation – The HyFlex Course Design. In L. Kyei-Blankson and E. Ntuli (Eds.) Practical Applications and Experiences in K-20 Blended Learning Environments. (pp. 153-177). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid Classes. EdTech Books. Available online: https://edtechbooks.org/hyflex/
Beatty, B., Littlefield, C., Miller, J., Rhoads, D., Shaffer, D., Shurance, M. and Beers, M. (2016, April) Hybrid Flexible Course and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids. Paper and panel session presented at the OLC Innovate 2016 Conference, New Orleans, LA.
Bell, J., Sawaya, S., & Cain, W. (2014). Synchromodal classes: Designing for shared learning experiences between face-to-face and online students. International Journal of Designs for learning, 5(1), 68-82.
[French language] Bergeron, M.-H. (2014). Innovating to promote access to higher education in rural areas. Pédagogie Collégiale Vol. 27, No 4, Summer 2014. Retrieved from http://aqpc.qc.ca/sites/default/files/revue/Bergeron-Vol_27-4.pdf.
Bevacqua, J. & Colasante, M. (2019). No Lines: Observations from a pilot project to re-imagine, design and implement a flexible student-centred approach to study mode selection. Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 16(1). https://ro.uow.edu.au/jutlp/vol16/iss1/2
Keywords: higher education, student-centred, flexible study mode, online learning, digital learning, innovation,
Bevacqua, J. & Colasante, M. (2018). New shores: Preliminary observations from a proof-of-concept project, to define and design a student-centred approach to study mode selection. In M Campbell et al (Eds.) Proceedings ASCILITE2018: 35th International Conference on Innovation, Practice and Research in the Use of Educational Technologies in Tertiary Education, Geelong, VIC, 309-313. https://2018conference.ascilite.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/ASCILITE-2018-Proceedings-Final.pdf
Keywords: Student-centred; Digital learning; Innovation; Flexible study mode; Higher education
Binnewies, S., Wang, Z. (2019) Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course. In C. Allan, C. Campbell, and J. Crough (Eds.) Blended Learning Designs in STEM Higher Education: Putting Learning First (pp. 209-230). Singapore: Springer Nature
Boelens, R., De Wever, B., & Voet, M. (2017). Four key challenges to the design of blended learning: A systematic literature review. Educational Research Review, 22, pp. 1-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2017.06.001
Bower, M., Dalgarno, B., Kennedy, G. E., Lee, M. J. W., & Kenney, J. (2015). Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous environments: Outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Computers & Education, 86, 1-17.
Bower, M.,Kennedy, G. E., Dalgarno, B., Lee, M. J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). Blended synchronous learning: A handbook for educators. Retrieved from http://blendsync.org/handbook/
Bower M., Kenney, J., Dalgarno, B., Lee, M. J. W., & Kennedy, G. E. (2014). Patterns and principles for blended synchronous learning: Engaging remote and face-to-face learners in rich-media real-time collaborative activities. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 30(3), 261-272.
Butz, N. T., Stupnisky, R. H., Peterson, E. S., & Majerus, M. M. (2014). Self-determined motivation in synchronous hybrid graduate business programs: Contrasting online and on-campus students. Online Learning and Teaching, 10, 211-227.
Butz, N. T., Stupnisky, R. H. (2017). Improving student relatedness through an online discussion intervention: The application of self-determination theory in synchronous hybrid programs. Computers & Education, 114 (2017), pp. 117-138, 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.06.006
Day, S. & Verhaart, M. (2016). Determining the requirements for geographically extended learning (gxLearning): A multiple case study approach. In S. Barker, S. Dawson, A. Pardo, & C. Colvin (Eds.), Show Me The Learning. Proceedings ASCILITE 2016 Adelaide (pp. 182-191).
Day, S., & Verhaart, M. (2016). Beyond Wi-Fi: Using Mobile devices for gxLearning in the field. In M. Verhaart, A. Sarkar, E. Erturk & R. Tomlinson (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference of Computing and Information Technology Education and Research in New Zealand incorporating the 29th Annual Conference of the NACCQ, Wellington, New Zealand, 11th-13th July 2016 (pp. 27-33). Retrieved from http://www.citrenz.ac.nz/conferences/2016/pdf/2016CITRENZ_1_Day_gxLearning_16-3.pdf
Detienne, L., Raes, A. & Depaepe, F. (2018). Benefits, Challenges and Design Guidelines for Synchronous Hybrid Learning: A Systematic Literature Review. In T. Bastiaens, J. Van Braak, M. Brown, L. Cantoni, M. Castro, R. Christensen, G. Davidson-Shivers, K. DePryck, M. Ebner, M. Fominykh, C. Fulford, S. Hatzipanagos, G. Knezek, K. Kreijns, G. Marks, E. Sointu, E. Korsgaard Sorensen, J. Viteli, J. Voogt, P. Weber, E. Weippl & O. Zawacki-Richter (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 2004-2009). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved September 20, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-woe.
Donovan, S. A. G. (2018). Mixed methods study of the fit instructional model on attributes of student success (Order No. 10935064). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection. (2115548318). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/2115548318?accountid=13802
Educause. (2010). Seven things you should know about the HyFlex course model. Retrieved 04/04/2016 from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7066.pdf
Elder, S. J. (2018). Multi-Options: An Innovative Course Delivery Methodology. Nursing Education Perspectives 39(2), pp. 110-112.
Gobeil-Proulx, J. (2019). La perspective étudiante sur la formation comodale, ou hybride flexible. [What do university students think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale des technologies en pédagogie universitaire, 16(1), pp. 56-67. Available online: https://doi.org/10.18162/ritpu-2019-v16n1-04
Gounari, P. and Koutropoulos, A. (2015). Using Blended Principles to Bridge the Gap between Online and On-Campus Courses. In L. Kyei-Blankson and E. Ntuli (Eds.) Practical Applications and Experiences in K-20 Blended Learning Environments. (pp. 178-190). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
He, W., Gajski, D., Farkas, G., Warschauer, M. (2015). Implementing flexible hybrid instruction in an electrical engineering course: The best of three worlds? Computers & Education, vol 81, pp.59-68.
Hill, J., Yang, X., Kim, E. E., Oh, J, Choi, I., Branch, R. M., Lee, H., & Keisler, B. (2018). Creating a Flexibly Accessible Learning Environment. Conference presentation at Association for Educational Communications and Technology Annual Convention. Kansas City, MO. (2018, October).
Irvine, V. (2009). The emergence of choice in ‘multi-access’ learning environments: transferring locus of control of course access to the learner. In G. Siemens, C. Fulford (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2009, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, Chesapeake, VA (2009), pp. 746-752.
Irvine, V. (2010). Exploring learner needs for collaboration and access. In J. Herrington, B. Hunter (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2010, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, Chesapeake, VA (2010), pp. 1093-1097.
Irvine, V., Code, J., & Richards, L. (2013). Realigning higher education for the 21st century learner through multi-access learning. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 9(2), 172.
[Spanish language] Juarez-Popoca, D., Gastelu, C. A. T., Herrera-Diaz, L. E. (2014). El modelo HyFlex: Una propuesta de formación híbrida y flexible. In I. E. Gamez (Ed.) Los Modelos Tecno-Educativos, revolucionando el aprendizaje del siglo XXI, pp. 127-142.
Koskinen, M. (2018). Understanding the Needs of Adult Graduate Students: An Exploratory Case Study of a Hyflex Learning Environment. Northeastern University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018. 13419414.
Kyei-Blankson, L. & Godwyll, F. (2010). An Examination of Learning Outcomes in Hyflex Learning Environments. In J. Sanchez & K. Zhang (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2010–World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 532-535). Orlando, Florida, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 5, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-wNs.
Kyei-Blankson, L., Godwyll, F., Nur-Awaleh, M. & Keengwe, J. (2011). The New Blend: When students are given the option to choose. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2011–Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 433-436). Nashville, Tennessee, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 5, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-PxP.
Kyei-Blankson, L., Godwyll, F., Nur-Awaleh, M. (2014). Innovative blended delivery and learning: exploring student choice, experience, and level of satisfaction in a hyflex course. International Journal of Innovation and Learning 16(3), pp. 243-252.
Lafortune, A. M. (2018). Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community of Inquiry in a Blended Synchronous Delivery Mode. Université de Sherbrooke Dissertation.
Lakhal, S., Bateman, D. & Bédard, J. (2017). Blended Synchronous Delivery Mode in Graduate Programs: A Literature Review and Its Implementation in the Master Teacher Program. Collected Essays on Learning and Teaching 10, pp. 47-60.
Lakhal, S., Khechine, H. & Pascot, D. (2014). Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?. In T. Bastiaens (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning (pp. 1075-1083). New Orleans, LA, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved June 21, 2019 from https://edtechbooks.org/-ysYq.
Lieberman, M. (2018, January 24). Introducing a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/hyflex. Inside Higher Ed. Available online: https://edtechbooks.org/-pww
Leijon, M., & Lundgren, B. (2016). Connecting physical and virtual spaces in a HyFlex pedagogic model with focus on interaction. Presented at: Designs for Learning conference. Designing New Learning Ecologies, Copenhagen, 2016, Aalborg, Denmark: Aalborg University Press.
Leijon, M., & Lundgren, B. (2019). Connecting Physical and Virtual Spaces in a HyFlex Pedagogic Model with a Focus on Teacher Interaction. Journal of Learning Spaces, 8(1), 2019.
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